Around 70% of Ukraine’s land area of 603,000 square kilometres is devoted to agriculture, with more than 55% of land used for arable production. And it is not just any old arable land, but some of the finest in the world. Nearly 60% of its arable land is the much-prized ‘black soil’ or Chernozem, that contains a high percentage of humus or broken-down plant-material (up to 15% in some cases) and essential plant nutrients such as phosphoric acid, phosphorous and ammonia.
Pockets of this soil occur in a number of countries, but Ukraine is home to 30% of the world’s black soils, making it the ideal location to grow a large range of crops, including wheat, barley, corn, sugar beet, sunflower, soya beans and rapeseed. Dairy and meat production is also increasingly important.